Re: News and Updates

431 .... (1468-1549)
Pope Paul III had been once one of the "cardinals Alessandro Farnese", in this case the brother of Giulia Farnese, who was the female lover of pope Alexander VI. The Goldenes Dachl is from c. 1500, so still in the time, when Alexander VI was of high importance (and also empress Bianca Maria Sforza was still of importance, which she lost, when France took Milan in 1500).

It's strange, why Alessando Farnese should have been honored at the Goldenes Dachl ... Possibly he was useful in the connection between Maximilian and Bianca Maria.

Alexander VI
16 August 1492: became Pope, with the help of Ascanio Sforza

Alessandro Farnese
Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of September 20, 1493; received the red hat and the deaconry of S. Cosmo e Damiano, September 23, 1493. ... ies-xv.htm

Emperor Fredrick III: Friedrich III. (.... † 19. August 1493 in Linz)

Bianca Maria Sforza
Am 30. November 1493 wurde Bianca Maria Sforza in Abwesenheit des Bräutigams in einer Stellvertreterhochzeit (per procurationem) in Mailand mit König Maximilian I. vermählt. .... formal marriage without presence of Maximilian.

Perhaps the Pope and Farnese were helpful in the arrangement of the marriage as a favour for the help in the pope election.

Re: News and Updates

Westermanns Monatshefte - Band 10 - Seite 155, 1861
... contains a note to a playing card deck, made by an artist Bernhart Merkle ... II&f=false
The same deck is mentioned ...
Anzeiger des Germanischen Nationalmuseums
Germanisches Nationalmuseum Nürnberg. 1886 ... le&f=false

Also of interest in this question ...
Katalog der im Germanischen museum befindlichen kartenspiele und spielkarten ...
Germanisches Nationalmuseum Nürnberg
Verlag des Germanischen museums, 1886 - 35 Seiten ... navlinks_s
... with pictures

Re: Schaffhausen Zünfte 1405 / Artushöfe

Schaffhausen, 1405, "Kartenspil"
Vorträge und Forschungen: Sonderbände
Bd. 48 (2004): Oliver Landolt: Der Finanzhaushalt der Stadt Schaffhausen im Spätmittelalter (2004)
Landolt, Oliver: Der Finanzhaushalt der Stadt Schaffhausen im Spätmittelalter
"schäffzabel, schaffzabelgestain, spilbretgestain, kartenspil oder ander geschierr zerbräch än gefärd, der sol" ... kartenspil"

This seems to be the oldest playing card note from Schaffhausen (?). It was found in the ...
... Staatsarchiv Schaffhausen, which has a lot of old material, especially with material from the "Zünfte" (Guilds). The quote notes, that the Zünfte had at their meeting places also material to play games (between others also "Kartenspile") and that members, who destroyed such material had to pay for the damage.


Description of 5 card decks in the Ambras collection of 1596 (1910-11)
Kunsthistorische Sammlungen des Allerhöchsten Kaiserhauses <Wien> [Hrsg.]
Jahrbuch der Kunsthistorischen Sammlungen des Allerhöchsten Kaiserhauses (ab 1919 Jahrbuch der Kunsthistorischen Sammlungen in Wien)
page 261 ff ... _1911/0274


lt. Preuss. Wb. (Z) 1, 214 „öffentl. Gebäude, das den Kaufleuten zu Beratungen und Versammlungen diente, genannt nach König Artus und seiner Tafelrunde. In Thorn wird ein A. 1310, Elbing 1319, Braunsberg 1353 genannt, in Danzig vor 1350“.

Artushof: public building which served merchants as meeting place and place for festivities. The name was chosen from King Artus (or Arthur) and his knights. Thorn had such a building in 1310, Elbing in 1319, Braunsberg in 1353 and Danzig before 1350.
At another report Artushöfe are mentioned also at Königsberg, Talinn and Riga. Also at Stralsund (other source). ... um-gdanska

A report in Elbing notes (without a date), that card playing for money was forbidden in the Artushof of Elbing. The building was modified in its function in the year 1786. ... of&f=false

Festivity with scandal at carnival 1486 in Danzig and involvement of the local Artushof and a Kartenspiel: ... 20&f=false

Artushof Danzig, nowadays a museum

Re: News and Updates

Jan Klobusicky, a Czech playing card researcher, once researched the following question ...
I have one old Czech article (feuilleton) on Czech bulka (Trappola) from “Narodni listy” (19th March 1882). There is written a very remarkable history of this play.

It was in 1339, when the last rest of Ghibelins and Guelfs were expelled from Genova. Proud Simone Boccanegra has become as the ruler. Orlando Ruggi, the most frantic enemy of the new order and the most fanatic Guelf was captive by supporters of Boccanegra, they managed it by one of last skirmishes. Orlando as stumped enemy of a homeland had to been executed by a custom of this time. If he was brought to the Doge, he exclaimed:

"Our misfortune is, that we had relied too much on Denars and on no Spades, as we had to do. We forgot about Cups and it was reason, that Bastons came out ahead." The Doge asked him: "What mean this speech?" – "Give me my life and I am going to intimate you in this mystery." – "Well. So recite." – "We were playing cards for the fate of Genova. We were Spades with our forcible swords. Denars were meant by cunning Carrara, who wanted to prostrate your resistance by his money. You were Bastons. And drunken Caduzzi, who was charged with command of our army, was betokened by Cups. Denars had defeated everything and it was reason that we were plunging into arms of Carrara. You know, what happened to us!”

The game pleased to Doge and he asked Ruggi to teach it him. Rudiggi (sic!) didn't let to urge him and Doge defeated him by his first "six-and-twenty" still in this day. Trappola was brought to Bohemia by Italian monks.

Do you know this story? Who is Orlando Ruggi (Rudiggi) and Caduzzi? Are they some real historic persons? It is some storytelling? It is very interesting that there is Trappola interpreted as an image of war battle. Cardano and Cardinal Valier wrote it so, too.
His result was, that it possibly was a literary reaction on a Verdi opera with the name "Simone Boccanegra" ...

Re: ... Fibbia

I persecuted Prince Fibbia and found this. I don't understand, what it is.

Sermoni del cavaliere Gio. Batista Giusti
von Giovanni Battista Giusti
The book is of 1827.
Giovanni Batista Giusti is the name of a cembalo builder from Lucca and 17th century. It migth well be, that the writer Gio. Bat. Giusti is not the cembalo builder. ... io&f=false

At page 22 and 23 the word tarocco appears 3 times. Additionally there is a description of the Fibbia picture.

Re: ... Fibbia

Andrea Vitali told me, that he wrote about Giovanni Battista Giusti in 2013. Michael Howard translated it. ... 06&lng=ENG

Franco Pratesi pointed to this research possibility ... ... i+battista
with search for author


Re: News and Updates


I worried, that the page of Hans-Joachim Alscher has disappeared. But no, it still exists, althoughit was difficult to find ...
a worthful collection of links for Tarot history, between them also the Steele sermon.

Actually my interest is, to get a list for the time of 1500-1530 about the use of Tarochi- or similar words and a list for the use of the old Trionfi-word (natural only, when it was used for cards similar to Tarot cards).

The Steele sermon (probably written in the first years of 16th century) belongs to the Trionfi words.

For Tarot words we have ....

1. c1495 (or till 1499, assumed death year of Bassano) Bassano Mantovano, Tarocus or Tarochus
First noted ... Re: 1565 Discourse about the Images of Tarot#29 ... discussed very often

2. Andrea Vitali wrote 1494, but the work was printed 1521.
"Ancôr gli è – d'i taroch
Chi dan zù da Ferragù"
The text is very difficult to translate.

3. c1502 Tarocho in Brescia
Franco Pratesi 1988: "Barzeletta"

4/5/6. 1505
2 notes Tarochi in Ferrara
1 note Taraux in Avignon

7. 1506 Germini and Tronfi (Oldest note with Germini)
1499-1506: Firenze - Nuove informazioni sulle carte fiorentine
translation: ... on-on.html

1510 Venturino Venturini ... i"&f=false

1512 Taroch and Ludus Triumphorum
Francesco Vigilio
Taroch: nulla latina ratione / With Barbarian rite, whitout relationship to the Latin, now they call it taroch

1515-16 various Tarochi notes at the court of Ferrara

1517-19 Two notes about Germini

1517? 1536 ? tarocco in Baldus, Liber sextus, by Teofilo Folengo
viewtopic.php?f=11&t=763&hilit=ferragu#p10882 ... g33982.txt
Title: Le maccheronee ; Zanitonella - Baldus - Moscheide - Epigrammata
Author: Teofilo Folengo
1521 Baldus other version has Taroch

1521 Notturno Napolitano Tarocchi ... navlinks_s

1526 tarocco, tarocchi and sminchiate in Franceso Berni
Capitolo del gioco della primiera col comento di messer Pietropaulo da San Chirico ... co&f=false

1527 Trionphi
Triperuno by Teofilo Folengo
The following text contains 4 oracle sonnets. This is the deciding dialogue.
TRIPERUNO. Questo tal comporre a l’altrui petitione difficilmente può sodisfare a coloro li quali non vi hanno parte alcuna. Ma ditemi, prego, avanti che da
voi mi parta, lo soggetto de’ quattro Sonetti.
... translated to ...
TRIPERUNO. Such composing like this at another’s behest can hardly be satisfying to those who have no part in it. But tell me, please, before I leave you, the
subject of the four sonnets.
LIMERNO. Dirottilo ispeditamente. Già la Signora non è cagione propria di questi, ma heri Giuberto e Focilla, Falcone e Mirtella mi condussero in una Camera secretamente, ove trovati c’hebbeno le Carte lusorie de Trionphi, quelli a sorte fra loro si divisero, e vòlto a me, ciascuno di loro la sorte propria de li toccati trionphi mi espose, pregandomi che sopra quelli un sonetto gli componessi.
.... translated to ....
LIMERNO. I’ll tell you right away. All right, the lady is not the real reason for these [sonnets], but yesterday Giuberto, Focilla, Falcone and Mirtella secretly led me into a room where, since they’d found playing cards of trumps [Tarot], they dealt these according to chance among themselves, and
having turned toward me, each one of them explained to me the specific destiny of the trumps received, entreating me to write a sonnet about them for each person.

1527-30 notes to tarau in the books of Philibert de Chalons

1529 Agrippa von Nettesheim had a dog called Tarot
viewtopic.php?f=11&t=754&p=10788&hilit= ... dog#p10788