Collection French Tarot dates (updated): 1501-1600

This is an updating process ... not finished
1505. Avignon. Taraux (anonymous account-keeper; Chobaut, Depaulis) ... Ross
Avignon is at this time not part of France.

1527 and 1530: Notes of Philibert in Italy
Philibert of Chalon, called prince of Orange
discussed at ... ert#p10702
Philibert fights for the German emperor in Italy. The notes refer to events in Italy.

1529. Two letters of Agrippa of Nettesheim, which inform, that Agrippa had a dog with the name "Tarot". As this dog might have been in 1529 relative old (he's in two cases the first, which is named of totally 7 dogs), the name of the dog might reach back to Agrippa's time in Italy (late 1510's).
The matter was discussed: ... 4&start=10
The discussion was proceeded a longer time (with interruptions by other themes)

1534. Lyon. Tarau (Rabelais (southerner) MA 131) ... Ross

[1538. A Spanish artist in Paris is designed as Tarot painter (it's not sure, that he really was one) ... 1&start=10
deleted, cause of ... 370#p19220]

1553. Paris. Tarault (Estienne; MA 131) ... Ross
"Lo stampatore francese Charles Estiene faceva riferimento nella sua opera Paradoxes all "inventore delle carte italiane con cui si fa un gioco di chiamato 'le Tarault'". ... Marcos
In a 1553 Estienne edition: ... lt&f=false
In a 1555 Estienne edition: ... lt&f=false
The passage was shown (modern) and discussed here: ... nne#p10783
post 9 at the page
The work seems to be (at least in parts) a translation from "Paradossi, cioè sentenzie fuori del comun parere, novellamente venute in luce, la cui edizione princeps, contrariamente all’espressione ‘novellamente venute in luce’, apparve a Lione per i tipi di Giovanni Pullon da Trino nel 1543" by Ortensio Lando, which was discussed recently by Andrea Vitali:
.... in Italian language.
Paradossi (Ortensio Lando), version of 1550: ... sC&f=false
The relevant chapter is Nr. 5
Interestingly I found the word Tarault in a work of 1554 of Estienne:
... at page 357. I can't see any relevance to Tarot.
A further "Tarault" I found in the Robert Estienne (not Charles) dictionary from 1557 "Dictionariolum puerorum": ... &q&f=false
"ung Tariere, ou Tarault, Terebra. Alii Terieri, Alii Terelle". In a 1549 edition: "Tariere"

1557. The deck of Catelin Geofroy in Lyon is dated to 1557 by an inscription on one card.

1559. According own research the Tarot de Paris should be dated to 1559.
Arguments at

1559. A playing card trader in Rome sells his business with various items. Beside Italian cards he also offers French playing cards, but no French Tarot cards.
Report at ... ... rome#p9753

c.1560. Paris. Tarot. Tarots (Neux, Depaulis (VxP); MA 131) ... Ross
??? 1559. The translation to French of "The pasquinata anonima sul conclave". ... Marcos
François Rasse des Neux (? 1536 - 1589/90,) (? another seems to have died 1552) (one was book collector and physician)

c.1560 Paris. Tarots (Christophe de Bordeaux; MA 132) ... Ross
Discussed with more material ... aux#p10784

1564. ?. 1565. Lyon. Tarots (Ps.(?)-Rabelais; MA 132) ... Ross
The bock V of Gargantua et Pantagruel. ... Marcos
(English translation see under year 1653)
French version (1573): ... navlinks_s
Livre V, in chapter 23
compare also:
Post 2

1566. According a text of 1617 (see there) the French king Charles IX had prohibited Tarots (and some other games) at his court. See research at:

1566. Lambert Daneau, Deux traittez de S.C. Cyprian; jadis evesque de Carthage. L'un, contre les Jeux & Joueurs de cartes & de dez..., (1566), pp. 19-20.
recorded by Ross Caldwell at ... ... 7&start=16

1570, November: A heavy earthquake in Ferrara, Italy. It might be assumed, that playing card production in Ferrara (likely of greater importance for the Tarocchi development) was disturbed, and that this reason possibly raised French interests to replace the Ferrarese production.
Dicussion at:

1572 Nicolas Rolichon (1) is recorded as active in Lyon as cardmaker, possibly till 1606. Nicolas Rolichon (2), * 1595, his son, proceeds the business till 1636/37. A Tarot deck attributed to a Nicolas Rolichon was given as a print in a newspaper article 1919.
1572 is noted by
Discussed 2010 at viewtopic.php?f=11&t=475&p=6190&hilit=rolichon#p6190
Discussed 2022 at viewtopic.php?p=24491#p24491
1572. First recorded version with participation of Pierre de Larivey, Champenois.
Les Facecieuses nuictz du Seigneur Iean François Straparole. Avec les fables & Enigmes, racontees par deux ieunes Gentilz-hommes, & dix Damoiselles. Nouuellement traduictes d'Italien en François par Iean Louueau. (Le Second et dernier livre des Facecieuses nuicts du Seigneur Iean Straparole. Traduict d'Italien en François par Pierre Delarivey Champenois.).
Authors: Giovanni Francesco STRAPAROLA; Pierre de LARIVEY, Champenois.; Jean LOUVEAU
1574. Pierre de Larivey Champenois "ideo e pubblico un indovinello la cui soluzione era il gioco del Tarocco". (In Giovanni Francesco Straparola, Les facétieuses nuits. Paris, 1576). ... Marcos
1576. Paris. Tarot (Champenois (Straparola) ; MA 132) ... Ross
Notes Huck: Straparola lived till 1557, the work possibly wasn't finished. A first edition is recorded for 1541, the next follows in 1550. A first French translation is recorded by worldcat for 1560 by Louveau
"Les Facecieuses nuictz du seigneur Ian Francois Straparole... Nouuellement traduittes d'Italien en François, par Ian Louueau.:. (Ep. déd. de Rouillé à F. Rogier).
by Gian Francesco Straparola; Jean Louveau" ... umber_link
A first participation of Pierre de Larivey is recorded by worldcat for 1572.
The biography of Pierre de Larifey records: "In 1572, he accompanied François d'Amboise into Poland, on a diplomatic mission and would return the year later for the crowning of the Duke of Anjou (future king Henry III) elected King of Poland."
This seems to indicate, that he was close to Henry III. and to Louis Gonzaga, both with some suspicion to have promoted the Tarot game in France.
French text version at Tarocchi chapter "13th day, Fable 7":
Les facétieuses nuits de Straparole, Volume 2 (Livre numérique Google) Couverture Giovanni Francesco Straparola
by P. Jannet, 1857, presents the Tarot passage: ... 22&f=false

1572. The Nidwaldner Kirchengemeinde (Switzerland) allows 3 card games: "troggen, munteren, keysseren" (29 September 1572). Oldest known note of the Tarot game in Switzerland.
Nidwalden is rather far from France.
Schweizer Spielkarten (2004)
by Sturzenegger-Stiftung ... rch_anchor
further: IPSC-Journal 12/2, Peter F. Kopp: Das Tarockspiel in der Schweiz
Cause of the location (with some strong Catholicism and with the condition, that the papal Swiss guard developed from this region) there's the suspicion, that Nidwalden is the starting location of a Swiss Tarot development. Report to this suspicion: ... mit=Search

1573. Guevara. Taroz.
Les Epistres Dorees, Et Discovrs Salvtaires De Don Antoine de Gueuare, Euesque de Mondonedo, Prescheur & Croniqueur de l'Empereur Charles cinquiesme
Antonio ¬de Guevara, Jean ¬de Guterry
Ruelle, 1573 ... oz&f=false
see also 1578

1574: The future French king Henry III, who returns back from his position as King of Poland, visits Italy and Northern Italian cities, between these also Ferrara, which still fights to overcome the consequences of a big earthquake in 1570. The journey and the Italian visit might have triggered the high French interest in the Tarot game in France during the reign of Henry III.
Festival book: ... rFest=0033
Timeline Henry III:

1574. Mitistoire barragovyne de Fanfrelvche et Gaudichon ...
(anonymous) = by Guillaume Des Autels ... ts&f=false
1576 edition noted by wikipedia
1578. Lyon. Tarots (Guil. des Autels; MA 132) ... Ross ...

1578. Les Epistres Dorees, Et Discovrs Salvtaires De Don Antoine De Gvevarre, Euesque de Mondonedo, Prescheur & Croniqueur de l'Empereur Charles cinquiesme
by Antonio de Guevara , Jean de Guterry ... navlinks_s
other edition (1583): ... tz&f=false
Book with this title and the same mentioned authors appeared already 1556 called "first edition" (Antonio de Guevara was dead in 1548). ... ef_results

1577. Oeuvres diverses de LaFontaine, Band 12 ... Le Douzieme livre'dAmadis de Gaule ... tarots.
Printed in Lyon by Francois Didier ... ts&f=false

1578. Lyon. Tarots (Guil. des Autels; MA 132) ... Ross ...
???? (same book ? see 1574)

1579. Paris. Tarots (Ladurie; MA 132-3) ... Ross
Le Roy Ladurie "ha citato una deposizione in tribunale che accenna a un gioco di Tarocchi a cui presero parte due gentiluomini e che ebbe luogo in una locanda di Grenoble nell'anno 1579). ... Marcos
"A recently published book cites a court deposition which mentions a game of Tarot, in which two noblemen took part, played in an inn in Grenoble in 1579." Dummett 1980. ... rch_anchor
possibly (?) in this book:
LE ROY LADURIE, EMMANUEL,‎ ‎Carnival. A People's Uprising at Romans 1579-1580‎ (published 1980) ... edir_esc=y

1579. Saint-André (Toulouse). Tarots (Garrisson-Estè be (1980); MA 133) ... Ross
A complaint in Saint-Andre, near Tolosa. ... Marcos
According Ross in: Janine Garrisson-Estèbe, Protestants du Midi : 1559-1598 (Toulouse, 1980)
Description of the text: ... 2_0000_001
Research is in progress

1580. Recueil des plaisants devis récités par les supposts du seigneur de la Coquille
Jean-Baptiste Monfalcon
Edition from 1857 ... oc&f=false
Found by Bertrand ... "I found it in Charly Alverda's "trois figures hiéroglyphiques", himself quoting "les plaisants devis des suppôts du seigneur de la coquille", 1580 ... rda#p10770
... with following discussion
The discussion proceeded at: ... 4&start=38

1581. Le cabinet du roy de France: dans lequel il y a trois Perles precieuses d'inestimable valeur ...
by Nicolas Barnaud ... ts&f=false

1581. Ordonnance du roy [Henri III], portant defense très expresse de transporter hors son royaume aucunes sortes de papier, cartes & tarots, ne drapeau à les faire sinon en payant le droict de traicte.... ... edir_esc=y
no preview

1581. Discours tres ample de la peste, diuisé en trois liures ...
by Nicolas de Nancel chez Denys du Val ... ts&f=false

1581. Registre Journal
by Pierre de L'Estoile
TARAUT (according Depaulis in IPCS, vol 32/5 p. 204 (2004))

1582. Giordano Bruno: Candelaio
described by Andrea Vitali: Giordano Bruno e i Tarocchi

1582-1603. "A Catelin Geofroy of Lyons is recorded as having worked as a cardmaker in Lyons between 1582-1603". ... rch_anchor

1583. Paris. Tarots (Tabourot; MA 133) ... Ross
Étienne Tabourot in Bigarrures mentioned a Tarots
A version of 1595 (volume 1) ... ot&f=false
Discussion at:
... with some following posts.

1583. Le Plaisir des champs (en vers)... par Cl. Gauchet Dampmartinois... ou est traicté de la chasse... (Sonnets de P. L'Escallay, J. Le Hericy)
by Claude Gauchet ... ot&f=false
see a two line note at p. 252
"Gauchet describes a company of people in wintertime passing the day indoors playing games, of which mentions three: flux, draughts and Tarot" (Dummett 1980)

1583. Paris. Tarotz (Henri III; MA 133-4) ... Ross
in: Recueil général des anciennes lois françaises: depuis l'an 420 jusqu'à la révolution de 1789 ... ts&f=false

1583. Traicté des peines et amendes, tant pour les matieres criminelles que ciuiles... par Iean Duret... Seconde édition... [Sonnets de P. Bugnyon et G. Bernard]
by Jean Duret (printer Benoist Rigaud, Lyon) ... tz&f=false
Worldcat: first edition in 1573 ... it's not clear, if it contains a note about Tarot ... ef_results

1585. Paris. Tarots (Perrache; MA 134) ... Ross
1585. Jacques Perrache. Le Triomphe du berlan. "Contiene due allusioni al gioco dei Tarocchi, una nella forma interesante 'sette tarocchi" in una lista di premi nei giochi di carte (I sette tarocchi sarebbero stati il XXI, il Bagatto, il Matto, e i quatro Re: il Germania il gioco dei Tarochi veniva chiamato talvolta il 'Siebenkönigsspiel' cioe, il gioco dei sette Re)" <----------- ....mmm.... It seem very interesting.
Google has no complete versions. Is the text somewhere?

discussed at ... 183#p19431

1587. Oeuvres du seigneur de Cholières: Les après-dinées
by Nicolas de Cholières, Damase Jouaust, Édouard Tricotel ... ux&f=false

1587. According a text of 1614/1651 (see 1651) king Henry III in 1587 raised taxes on cards (likely the taxes of 1583) with some side effects.

1588. Paris.
Bail à titre de ferme pour quatre années par la reine Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont, représentée
par le comte Scipion de Fiesque, son chevalier d'honneur, Jean-Baptiste Troti, son maître d'hôtel,
François Lige, son premier secrétaire de commandement, et Denis Chereau, contrôleur général de
sa maison, à Marc Langlois, marchand bourgeois de Paris, des droits à prendre sur les
marchandises de dés, cartes et tarots, façonnés, fabriqués, vendus et débités, en gros ou en détail,
dans les généralités de Paris et Champagne, moyennant 500 écus sols par an.
14 mars 1588
https://www.siv.archives-nationales.cul ... _IR_042280

1588. The Nidwaldner Kirchengemeinde (Switzerland) repeats the allowance of 1572. The "Schantzspyll" (a game of luck) and playing at the night is forbidden.
Schweizer Spielkarten (2004)
by Sturzenegger-Stiftung ... rch_anchor

1592. London. Tarots (Delamothe; MA 134) ... Ross
(a bock publisher in England). "The French Alpabeth": con dialoghi bilingui, comprendeva la domanda: 'A che gioco volete giocare: Volete giocare alla Dama, ai Dadi, ai Tarocchi, agli Scachi...". ... Marcos

1593. Anthony Munday. The Defense of Contraries (tanslation of Estienne 1553: The sentence about "Tarault" is given ""the Italian Cardes, whereas they have a play or pastime called Tarault." Dummett 1980, p. 99)

1593. The Troggnspielis noted in Lucerne. Lucerne has 20 km distance to Nidwalden.
IPSC-Journal 12/2, Peter F. Kopp: Das Tarockspiel in der Schweiz

1594. Discours sur la réduction de la ville de Lyon à l'obéissance du Roy
by Antoine Du Verdier ... ot&f=false

1594. Statutes of the master cardmakers in Paris.
Dummett 1980 ... rch_anchor

1594 Election de Jean Guymier et de Jean Mérieulx l'aîné comme jurés-cartiers, au lieu de Pierre Marolle et Laurens Taupin, et réception de Martin Huillart (ou Villart, ou Villars), Jean Mérieu le jeune, Jean Dugriffon et Daniel Mérieu comme maîtres-cartiers. (Arch. Nat., Y 9306 bis.) 25 février 1594
discussed at ... 594#p19437

1594. Response De Pierre La Coignee A Vne Lettre escripte par Iean de la Souche à l'Autheur du discours faict sur la reduction de la ville de Lyon soubs l'obeissance du Roy:
Auec la coppie de ladicte lettre
by Antoine Du Verdier ... ot&f=false

1595. ?. Tarot (Le Poulchre; MA 134) ... Ross

1595. Tabourot (see 1583) TARAUT ... ut&f=false
1595. Tabourot. Tarot. ... ot&f=false

1596. Le supplement du catholicon, ou nouvelles des régions de la lune
s.n., 1596 ... navlinks_s

1599: Notes around Catelin Geoffroy in Lorraine
(see below) ... ... 54&start=0
...... Huck at this thread page 1, post 1
Mémoires de la Société des sciences, lettres et arts de Nancy
By Société des sciences, lettres et arts de Nancy (1851)
... after the selected texts are others, which also relate to playing card history
Histoire des villes vieille et neuve de Nancy
By Jean Jacques Bouvier, also called Abbé Lionnais
This also reports about the Catelin Geoffroy notes from Lorraine, but the interesting part is, that this author takes it as necessary to explain his readers, what Tarot is. These cards, so the author, come from Allemands and Suisse. The book is from 1811, but it might have written earlier. A first publication of the author I found for 1767 (so the author might have been dead in 1811. He may have been contemporary to Gebelin, perhaps somebody finds better data. ... cy&f=false