/ Michael J. Hurst

Michael J. Hurst has died last year ...

In my posts to it I attempted to carry the sources together, which are still available from him.


My post 1:

Michael J. Hurst

Aeclectic ... 316 posts
posts by mjhurst (2003-2012)

Last post 24-03-2012

Hi, Ross,
Originally Posted by mjhurst
One additional detail about the earliest moralization of cards. Not only did Brother John mention Queens, he explained why his preferred deck (w/60 cards) was the best. Timothy Betts included this passage, and I posted it in a footnote to my review of your book.

John's arguments seem to parallel your own, as well as being emphatically period appropriate.

Renaissance Tarot: Two XVI Italian Essays
A couple years ago I posted an 1878 article discussing the British Museum's acquisition of one manuscript of Brother John's Tractatus, (as a postscript to a discussion of Theodore Low De Vinne's interpretation of Tarot). The article, by Sir Edward Augustus Bond, translates two substantial passages. The second passage includes the topic at hand, and indicates that Brother John explained the meaning of these terms. Unfortunately, the translation ends before finishing the explanation, and his explanation of the "greater authority" term compares the deck to two passages from Daniel in a way that is not immediately clear.
Also, there are some who make the game with four kings and eight ' marschalli' and the other common cards, and add besides four queens with four attendants, so that each of those four kings, with all the family of the whole kingdom, speaking of the chief persons, is there, and the number of the cards will then be sixty. And this manner of making the cards and in this number the most pleases me, and for three reasons: first, because of its greater authority; second, because of its royal fitness; third, because of its more becoming courteousness. First, I say, because of its greater authority, for we have its express figure in Holy Scripture, Daniel iii.; and again in that statue which King Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon, saw in his dream, and which Daniel interpreted to him, the which statue had a golden head, a silver breast, a brazen belly, and legs of iron.
It is a shame that the long-rumored critical edition of the Tractatus has not materialized, nor even an English translation.

Tarot and the Dance of Death ... death.html

Best regards,
************** ... 226 posts
posts by mjhurst (2008-2016)

Last post 30th of March 2016
mjhurst wrote:Hi, Mike,
mikeh wrote:Here is my translation of Franco Pratesi's new note on John of Rheinfelden, in Italian at While adding nothing new, it highlights points of special value and seems to me an excellent summary of the literature and statement of the present state of the problems.
Yes, an excellent summary -- bravo to Franco and many thanks to you for the work of making it available to illiterate dolts like moi.

Very much appreciated.

Best regards,
As far Michael's forum activities are concerned, he finished twice with John of Rheinfelden. I wasn't aware, that he stopped writing at aeclectic in March 2012.[/quote]


From my post 2
... was the website of Michael J. Hurst
... was an earlier website of Michael J. Hurst
It got lost, when was closed.*/http://ww ... datrionfi/
... has something of it.

Most remarkable (my personal evaluation) had been the article "Fragments of Tarot History". It survived at ...
The article had been of special value in the year 2003, when started.

Michael J. Hurst had further internet activities at the private email-lists Tarot-L and L-Tarot of

He contributed a lot of pictures to wikipedia.

Tarot Studies ... sm-review/

Also he wrote at and here in the (as above already mentioned)


A personal selection of articles from Michael J Hurst ... liography/
"Michael J. Hurst – the clearest writer on the meaning and iconography of the Tarot I have found."

Another personal comment
La Danse Macabre ...
"This section is dedicated to Michael J. Hurst, author of
pre-Gébelin Tarot History,
who gave me the impetus and encouragement to begin this task.
Dance well, my friend."

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